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Precis File
SHIP NAME: Kaminesan KEY: NUM. ENTRIES: 4
source MPA Press release
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On 22 May 04, at about 2345 hrs, a collision between Panama-registered tanker, MT Kaminesan (GT 159813) and Panama-registered car carrier MV Hyundai No. 105 (GT 40772) took place at about 6 km south-east of Sentosa Island. At the time of the incident, the MV Kaminesan was transiting eastbound in the Singapore Strait and the MV Hyundai No.105 was transiting westbound in the Strait. The MV Kaminesan was loaded with 279,949 tonnes of crude oil and there were more than 4000 cars onboard the MV Hyundai No. 105.

Prior to the collision, warnings were given to the two vessels by the MPA's Vessel Traffic Information Service. The two vessels also communicated with each other.

The MV Kaminesan's port bow and forepeak tank were damaged. The Hyundai No. 105 also sustained damage on its port side with a hole measuring about 50 metres by 20 metres. Both vessels were anchored subsequently south of the Traffic Separation Scheme and away from the main shipping lane.

At about 0715 hours on 23 May 04, the MV Hyundai No. 105 sank. All the 20 crewmembers onboard the MV Hyundai No.105 were rescued. There was no injury to crewmembers of both vessels.


source OSIR
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Kaminensan. a fully loaded DH VLCC eastbound thru strait hitter in collision with westbound car carrier Hyundai 105, which sank 8 hours later. OSIR says VTS gave warnings to both ships, and ships had talked to each other. VLCC's port bow and forepeak damaged. Car carrier damaged on port side with a hole measuring 50m by 20 m.


source CARGOLAW
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Car carrier M/V Hyundai 105, for Europe, moving west bound in Singapore Strait with 4,190 Hyundai and Kia automobiles (capacity 4641) and 20 crew, in collision with Panama-registered M/T Kaminesan, moving east bound with 279,950 tons of crude oil and 26 crew -- 4 miles SE of resort island of Sentosa, just S. off Singapore late May 22. M/V Hyundai 105 sank 7.15am May 23 LT - collision left 50m x 20m hole in car carrier's port side -- all crew rescured. M/T Kaminesan's port bow and forepeak tank damaged -- being towed Singapore -- all crew aboard. Prior to collision, warnings given to vessels by Singapore's Maritime Port Authority's vessel traffic information service -- vessels also communicated with each other.


source CTX
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The collision was described by one source as "nearly head on" and photos of the damaged port bow of the Kamensen seem to agree. The damage is confined to the port side, depth of penetration is at most 2 meters. It looks like a glancing blow. So why did the car carrier sink?

The damage extends back to the 1 port ballast tank. The deepest crease is horizontal about 4 or 5 m above the deep waterline. The shell is parted in this crease. Keppel says: "Work scope on MT Kaminesan entailed steel renewal works at 1 port water ballast tank, 1 port cargo tank, cofferdam, forepeak, bosun store and main deck." This is a rare case where a 2 m double side prevented a spill in a collision.

The location of the collision 01.12.9N, 103.53.5E which is just inside the westbound lane. So the Kaminesan was in the wrong lane. Apparently there was a third vessel involved, a containership callled the Mamitsa. Several sources claim that the Kaminesen moved north into the westbound lane to avoid the Mamitsa. In this area, the channel for a fully loaded VLCC is extremely narrow. The Kaminesan was very limited in what she could do.

But CTX has not located any official investigation report nor the results of any legal proceedings.

A loaded VLCC is simply too big for this channel. What is required is an active traffic control system, or at least a requirement that loaded VLCC's can transit this choke point only in daylight.