The Marshall Islands link is the official flag state report,
and it is a pretty good one.
What's really unusual it that they put it on the web
with about six other reports.
Why they picked this six out of the hundreds of MI flag
casualties, I have no idea.
Anyway the problem started with problems with the radar,
then the gyro compass, compounded by the fact that
the AB on watch left the bridge an hour before the grounding,
and never came back, leaving the 2/0 by himself.
Visibility was poor in intermittant rain squalls.
The 2/O did not react properly to all these problems,
and only belatedly checked his postion with the GPS
which was on the chart table.
About the time he realized he was in trouble,
and went hard port to get offshore, the ship grounded hard.
just a few hundred yards off the shore, in the surf zone.
When the master realized he could not get the off
with his own power, he did a smart thing.
He ballasted down.
He did this to prevent the ship pounding in the surf.
But he also improved his hydrostatic balance dramatically.
The fact that the ship had already part discharged
also helped matters.
Weather was at times bad while she was stranded.
A South African air force spokesman,
talking about the helicopter rescue of half of the crew
on the day of the grounding said
"It's raining, high speed winds, up to 8 metre swells."
The latter seems unlikely.
But photos in the MI report show the ship was clearly
in the surf zone with waves breaking over her stern.
Photo at the Smit site shows a large wave breaking
over the main deck.
On July 31st the ship was refloated,
after redistributing the cargo and
lightering about 2000 m3 of cargo and fuel oil,
one of the very few successful refloats off the South African coast.
Despite extensive damage requiring 925 tons of steel,
there is no report of any spillage.
The MI report explicitly claims there was none.
This was a single hull lship.
Apparently wave pumping was ineffective.
Almost all the damage was very low.
The Marshall Islands report has some pretty good pictures.
The Master's decision to ballast down,
not only saved his ship, but also resulted in nil spillage,
a point the MI report does not mention.