Cahill is rightly critical of the poor look out.
It is hard to believe that neither ship was aware
of the other until they were a mile away.
Cahill lambasts the Asian Energy for setting the guard ring at one mile
but the reason ships do this is that,
if they set the guard ring at say 5 miles,
then they get all kinds of false alarms.
The guard ring is useless in a crowded area.
Might be better if the ARPA's did not have this function.
The arbitrators held that Century Dawn did not cross
the westbound lane at right angles as the Rules of the Road require.
But the Rules also require a ship to enter its lane at a small angle.
The Century Dawn could not do both.
A ten thousand ton spill from a 71,000 ton cargo,
with the ship being hit far forward,
and surviving seems a lot,
but CTX has no other source than ETC.
If the ETC figure is correct,
we need at least two tanks.
Since the CD was hit at 100 degrees,
1C is a more likely candidate than 2P.
The CD has a beam of 39m.
If the second tank was 1C,
the depth of penetration was at least 10m.
We need some damage data.