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Precis File
SHIP NAME: Sivand KEY: NUM. ENTRIES: 3
source CEDRE
type D
volume 6857T
material
dead
link http://www.le-cedre.fr/en/spill/sivand/sivand.php

hit jetty at Immingham terminal. Veiga paper lists cause as "unknown"


source OSCH
type A
volume 48000B
material
dead
link

Very early on the morning of September 28, 1983, the tanker Sivand grounded on a jetty at the Immingham oil terminal in the Humber Estuary. Cargo tanks ruptured on impact, and Nigerian Forcados Crude oil spilled into the Humber River estuary.

Nigerian Forcados crude oil has as API gravity of 29.7, and a pour point of -4 degrees F. Approximately 48,000 barrels of the crude oil spilled into the estuary. Oil impacted the north and south shores of the estuary late on September 28, including the docks at Immingham and Grimsby, and beaches at Cleethorpes. Easterly winds on September 30 pushed the oil up the Humber River as far as the River Trent. The mudflats of the Blacktoft Sands Nature Reserve, and the salt marshes of the River Ouse were oiled on September 30. Of the oil spilled, it was estimated that 12,000 barrels evaporated, 16,000 barrels were chemically dispersed, and the rest dispersed naturally, was carried out to sea, or came ashore.


source CTX
type D
volume 48000B
material
dead 0
link

ETC puts this spill at 45283B. OPEC Ltd says 6000T.

Cedre makes it sound like a mooring error, OSCH makes it sould like a conning or navigation error with the strange wording "grounded on a jetty". Need a lot more info including location and depth of damage. Where is the UK investigation report?

There was a court case generated when a jack up barge being used to repair the berth capsized. http://www.bailii.org/ew/cases/ewca/civ/1998/100.html. It seems to be common ground that the original casualty was due to "negligent handling" of the vessel. For now assuming this was a berthing error.