CEDRE paper has the spill at 28014T but the CEDRE description says 40000T.
OECD has the spill at 27000T.
Mainly a definitional issue, was the oil recoved from the intact tanks part of the spill?
A strict interpretation of the CTX definition says it is.
Hence CTX uses the CEDRE number.
Interesting that OSCH does not even mention the huge loss of life.
Tribunal report makes it clear this was a horrible ship with a horrible owner.
10 years after Mactra, this big tanker was not inerted.
Permanent ballast tanks should always be coated;
but, if you are going to go without coating,
you must carefully maintain the anodes
and keep the tanks pressed up when they are ballasted.
Total not only did neither, but they saved a few tens of thousands of dollars
by not renewing the anodes at the second special survey.
The pictures of the corrosion are disgusting.
Moreover Total was fully aware of this corrosion having commissioned
a set of thickness measurements which came in with numbers way above
the very generous maximum allowable by class.
Veritas claimed they never saw this report but they certainly knew
the tanks were in terrible condition.
Total tried to claim the initial cause was a fire at the terminal.
But the only evidence they offered for this was
that the terminal despatcher was not in the control room
where he normally should have been,
a fact which Gulf, the terminal owner, tried to cover up.
The Tribunal may be right that the hull failed first
by buckling on the deck in way of the permanent ballast tanks,
and then caught fire.
But CTX believes that it is at least as likely
that the initial cause was a cargo leak
into one of the non-inerted, midships permanent ballast tanks
and those vapors were ignited.
Both this ship and her sister Casiopee had a history of such leaks,
In fact, the ship reported a "leakage of oil" on the leg from
Portugal to Bantry Bay and was told to divert to Brest,
but then apparently the crew told Total,
they had things under control, and the ship turned back to Banty Bay.
Just about the only kind of small internal leak
that a crew can spot underway loaded is a leak into a permanent ballast tank.
It really doesn't matter.
Either way Total and Veritas should have been charged with the deaths of 50 people,
and everybody involved should have gone to jail.
As it was, both Total and Bureau Veritas got off scot free.