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Precis File
SHIP NAME: Brazilian Marina KEY: NUM. ENTRIES: 5
source OSCH
type D
volume 73600B
material Kuwait crude
dead
link

On the morning of January 9, 1978, the tanker Brazilian Marina grounded in the Sao Sebastiao Channel, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Tanks ruptured and spilled approximately 73,600 barrels of Kuwait crude oil. Approximately 18,000 barrels of the spilled product impacted the shoreline. Personnel from the United States Coast Guard (USCG) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) responded to the spill at the request of Brazilian Authorities. Most of the organized shoreline cleanup was focused on the recreational beaches. Cleanup personnel initially used dispersants to combat the oil on some beaches, but this proved to have negative ecological effects and was stopped.

The oil was carried to the northeast by the currents. Approximately 18,400 barrels of the spilled oil impacted the shoreline, and the remainder drifted out to sea. Beaches and coastal embayments were oiled in the States of Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Six of the beaches of Ubatuba, Sao Paulo were heavily impacted. Overflights on January 22, showed a 200 square mile slick composed of sheen and some emulsified oil which remained off Ponta Juatinga for a week, and then began to dissipate.


source EPA Oil Drop
type D
volume 3 MMG
material Kuwait crude
dead
link

In January, 1978, the Liberian tanker Brazilian Marina struck a submerged rock while maneuvering in the channel of Sao Sebastiao.


source ERC
type D
volume 12449 MT
material crude
dead
link

Grounding on rock while entering dredge canal, Sao Sebastio, Brazil. Fined USD 137,000.


source ETC
type D
volume 259532B
material crude
dead
link

This volume seems very unlikely.


source CTX
type D
volume 73600B
material C
dead
link

Probably nav./conning but we have no real info. Need location, depth of penetration.

Four of this class of 320,000 tonners was built at Verolme in the mid-late 1970's. They had a very low lightweight (abt 38,000 tons). A minimal lightweight for this size of single hull tanker would be at least 42,000 tons. They also had bad structural detailing, and suffered extensive fatigue cracking starting early in their lives. But it does not sound like this bad structure was a factor in this particular spill.